Child’s Rights and Equity

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Child’s Rights and Equity

What is the extent of the problem in Egypt?

  • An estimated 8 per cent of children aged 6-14 years are child labourers.

  • There are a significant number of street children in Egyptian cities. Family breakdown and poverty are the root causes that push children to the streets. Children are also drawn to the streets where they can socialize and earn money.

  • A 2006 study on child abuse in deprived urban communities, shows 81% of children having been corporally punished at home in the year preceding the survey, and 91% corporally punished during the same period in schools

  • According to the “WORLD REPORT ON VIOLENCE AND HEALTH” by WHO among children in Egypt, 37% reported being beaten or tied up by their parents and 16% reported physical injuries such as fractures, loss of consciousness or permanent disability as a result of being beaten or tied up .

  • The death of an 11-year-old boy after not completing his homework in Alexandria 2008 drew attention to corporal punishment in Egyptian schools, where numerous students have suffered damaging physical abuse in the classroom

  • The prevalence of female genital mutilation and cutting (FGM/C) among girls aged 15-17 years is 77 per cent.

  • Studies found that sexual abuse makes up 18 percent of all child related crimes .In 35 percent of the cases, the assailant is someone the child knows, a relative. Of the 2143 children at the Marg juvenile detention home in 2001, 30 percent were accused of cases of sexual abuse and rape.

  • A National Center for Sociological and Criminological research figure: 5909 cases of rape and sexual abuse in the period between 1997 and 2001.

  • A report by the Sons of the Land Human Rights Foundation (November 2009) documented different types of child abuse in Egypt, in children who live below the poverty line. The report concluded that Egypt does not implement international treaties for protecting children, and that Egyptian law on this matter has not been activated.

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